Proposal ID: 870378
ICCS project ID: 63111400
Role: Coordinator
Acronym: DIONE
Topic: DT-SPACE-01-EO-2018-2020
Type of action: IA
Call identifier: H2020-SPACE-2018-2020

DIONE: an integrated EO-based toolbox for modernising CAP area-based compliance checks and assessing respective environmental impact

Duration in months: 30
Fixed keyword 1: Earth observations from space/remote sensing
Fixed keyword 2: Downstream industry
Fixed keyword 3: Geo-information and spatial data analysis
Fixed keyword 4: Earth Observation / Services and applications
Free keywords: Common Agricultural Policy, Earth Observation, remote sensing, drones, geo-tagged photos, environmental performance, farmers' compliance

DIONE proposes a close-to-market (TRL7) area-based direct payments monitoring toolbox that will address the forthcoming Modernised CAP regulation of using automated technologies to ensure more frequent, accurate and inexpensive compliance checks. In particular, DIONE will:
(i) Capitalise on recent results of ESA’s SEN4CAP project that showcased the capability of Sentinel data to monitor the crop diversification rules. DIONE shall further integrate generated crop-type maps in a way directly exploitable by the paying agencies;
(ii) Include in the analysis the so far neglected EFA types (fallow land of all sizes, buffer strips, hedges, trees), by making use of super-resolution technology that improves the 10-20m Sentinel resolution to an improved resolution range (5-10m). This is enabled through Machine-Learning (ML) based post-processing and data fusion of Copernicus DIAS-sourced data with targeted drone-obtained data. This aims to motivate the use of such EFAs over the –of ambiguous environmental impact- use of productive areas (nitrogen-fixing crops and catch crops).
(iii) Complement the use of EO data with a system of reliable, ground-based geo-tagged photos, captured by the farmers that exploits (a) advances that allow for improved positional accuracy, (ii) low-footprint encryption techniques for improved data security and reliability and (iii) image detecting manipulation techniques (image forensics). The system will allow for an improved LC/LU annotation and ensure the process is untampered.
(iv) Implement a Green Compliance toolbox, integrated with the paying agencies’ aforementioned tools. This will benefit from (a) low-cost spectral sensors measuring soil quality and assessing the status of land-degradation in the land parcels and (b) an ML-based inferencing system deployed on a larger scale (regional, national) to quantify the levels of some of the monitored parameters and consequently extract tangible environmental performance metrics for an entire region.

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